A module on death and dying to develop empathy in student pharmacists

PUBMED ID:

21769147

PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE

Authors:

Manolakis ML, Olin JL, Thornton PL, Dolder CR, Hanrahan C

Institution:

Wingate University School of Pharmacy, NC 28174-0159, USA. mmanolakis@wingate.edu

Title:

A module on death and dying to develop empathy in student pharmacists

Source

Am J Pharm Educ.2011 May 10;75(4):71

Abstract

 

Objective:

To implement an integrated module on death and dying into a 15-week bioethics course and determine whether it increased student pharmacists' empathy.

Design:

Students participated in a 5-week death and dying module that included presentation of the film Wit, an interactive lecture on hospice, and a lecture on the ethics of pain management.

Assessment:

Fifty-six students completed the 30-item Balanced Emotional Empathy Scale (BEES) before and after completing the module and wrote a reflective essay. Students demonstrated an appreciation of patient-specific values in their essay. Quantitative data collected via BEES scores demonstrated significant improvement in measured empathy.

Conclusions:

A 5-week instructional model on death and dying significantly increased student empathy.