Fast Facts

Please wait while we gather your results.
 

 

 

 

Please wait while we gather your results.

Fast Facts

Fast Facts Documents

Review the library of Fast Fact documents.

# 001 Diagnosis and Treatment of Terminal Delirium, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact reviews assessment and management issues in terminal delirium.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 002 Converting to/from Transdermal Fentanyl, 2nd ed

Quick—what dose of the transdermal fentanyl patch (DuragesicTM) is equianalgesic to a 3 mg/hr morphine continuous infusion? Conversions to and from fentanyl transdermal are notoriously tricky, requiring knowledge of the published conversion data, general opioid pharmacology, and a generous dose of common sense. See also Fast Fact #36 on opioid dose conversions.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 003 Syndrome of Imminent Death, 2nd ed

This trajectory is often referred to as “actively dying” or “imminent death”. Prompt recognition of this trajectory is key for clinicians to provide the most appropriate interventions for both the patient and family.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 004 Death Pronouncement in the Hospital, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact reviews key steps in the death pronouncement and notification process.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 005 The Causes of Nausea and Vomiting (V.O.M.I.T.), 2nd ed

An easy way to remember the causes of vomiting is the VOMIT acronym. In the table below receptors involved in different types of nausea are highlighted using this acronym. Blockade of these receptors allows rational, focused therapy.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 006 Delivering Bad News-Part 1, 2nd ed

Case Scenario: You are caring for a previously healthy 52 year old man with a new problem of abdominal pain. After conservative treatments fail, a diagnostic abdominal CT scan is done showing a focal mass with ulceration in the body of the stomach and numerous (more than 10) densities in the liver compatible with liver metastases. The radiologist feels that the findings are absolutely typical of metastatic stomach cancer. How do you prepare to discuss these test results with the patient?

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum

# 007 Depression in Advanced Cancer, 2nd ed

Endicott has proposed substituting somatic criteria with affective criteria when evaluating depression in advanced cancer patients:

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians
Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 008 Morphine and Hastened Death, 2nd ed

Question: What is the distinction between the use of morphine at the end of life to control symptoms and euthanasia/assisted suicide?

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Pain - Opioids

# 010 Tube Feed or Not Tube Feed?, 2nd ed

The Fast Fact reviews data on the use of tube feeding in advanced illness.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 011 Delivering Bad News-Part 2, 2nd ed

Residents often feel strong emotions when they have to give bad news to a patient. As a preceptor, you will want to support the resident. Key teaching points:

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum

# 012 Myths About Advance Directives, 2nd ed

There are two general types of advance directives:

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 013 Determining Prognosis in Advanced Cancer, 2nd ed

How long do I have, Doc?

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 014 Palliative Chemotherapy, 2nd ed

One often hears the term palliative chemotherapy, but what exactly does it mean and how can a non-oncologist decide if it has potential value?

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 015 Constipation, 2nd ed

Four major components affect the production of a normal BM: solid waste, water, motility and lubrication.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 016 Moderating an End-of-Life Family Conference, 2nd ed

Learning the process steps of a Family Conference are an important skill for physicians, nurses and others who are in a position to help patients and families reach consensus on end-of-life planning.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 017 Patient-Centered Interviewing, 2nd ed

Patient-centered Interviewing - You can assess a patient’s illness experience by asking about 4 dimensions—Feelings, Ideas, Function and Expectations. The acronym FIFE can be a helpful reminder.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 018 Short-Acting Oral Opioid Dosing Intervals, 2nd ed

Understanding the pharmacological rational for dosing intervals is key to proper prescribing and patient counseling.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 019 Taking A Spiritual History, 2nd ed

Taking a spiritual history is one way to support the patient in this exploration.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 020 Opioid Dose Escalation, 2nd ed

A common question from trainees is how fast, and by how much, can opioids be safely dose escalated?

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 021 Hope and Truth Telling, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact discusses the difficult balance between maintaining hope and truth telling, especially as it applies to giving bad news.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 022 Writing a Condolence Letter, 2nd ed

One of the most meaningful acts of kindness you can do for a mourner is to write a letter of condolence.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 023 Discussing DNR Orders-Part 1, 2nd ed

`Code status’ discussions with seriously ill patients should always take place in the context of the larger goals of care, using a step-wise approach. This Fast Fact introduces an approach to having these discussions.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum

# 024 Discussing DNR Orders-Part 2, 2nd ed

The basic steps in the DNR discussion for seriously ill hospitalized patients were described In Fast Fact # 23. If you have followed those steps, what do you do if the patient or family/surrogate continues to want CPR and you think it is not in the patient's best interest?

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum

# 025 Opioids and Nausea, 2nd ed

Why do patients get nauseated and vomit after receiving an opioid?

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
  • Pain - Opioids

# 026 The Explanatory Model, 2nd ed

Have you ever had this experience – you are talking with a patient about some care option and you just cannot come to an agreement?

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 027 Dyspnea at End of Life, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact reviews key elements in the assessment and treatment of dyspnea near the end-of-life.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 028 Subcutaneous Opioid Infusions, 2nd ed

As death nears, the burden of maintaining intravenous (IV) access, especially in the home setting, can be enormous.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 029 Responding to Patient Emotion, 2nd ed

Here are eight tasks that guide you in responding to patient emotion:

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 030 Prognostication, 2nd ed

Physicians tend to be overly optimistic when dealing with prognosis

Fast Facts
  • Prognosis

# 031 Confronting Personal Mortality, 2nd ed

Confronting our own mortality

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 032 Grief and Bereavement, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact provides an overview of grief and bereavement.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 033 Ventilator Withdrawal Protocol, 2nd ed

This is the first part of a three-part series on withdrawing ventilators in patients expected to die

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 034 Symptom Control for Ventilator Withdrawal in the Dying Patient, 2nd ed

This is the second of a three-part series: Symptom Control for Ventilator Withdrawal in the Dying Patient

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 035 Information for Patients and Families About Ventilator Withdrawal, 2nd ed

This is Part 3 of a three-part series on withdrawing ventilator withdrawal.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 036 Calculating Opioid Dose Conversions, 2nd ed

Listed below are methods for common conversions using standard published conversion ratios.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 037 Pruritus, 2nd ed

Pruritus (itching) is a common and often distressing symptom near the end of life.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 038 Discussing Hospice, 2nd ed

Hospice discussions with seriously ill patients should always take place in the context of the larger goals of care, using a step-wise approach.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 039 Using Naloxone, 2nd ed

Naloxone (Narcan®), a semisynthetic opioid antagonist, is indicated for the complete or partial reversal of life-threatening CNS/respiratory depression induced by opioids.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 040 Pressure Ulcer Management: Prevention (Part 1), 2nd ed

This Fast Fact discusses the staging and prevention of pressure ulcers

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 041 Pressure Ulcer Management: Debridement & Dressings (Part 2), 2nd ed

This Fast Fact discusses the management, staging and prevention of pressure ulcers.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 042 Broaching the Topic of a Palliative Care Consultation with Patients and Families, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact provides tips for beginning a discussion leading to a visit by a palliative care consultation team.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 043 Is It Grief of Depression?, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will review the definitions and clinical features that distinguish these conditions

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 044 Changing the Status Quo-Quality Improvement, 2nd ed

How do you change the status quo? What can you do when the system of care does not support best practice?

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 045 Medical Management of Bowel Obstruction, 2nd ed

Malignant bowel obstruction is a common oncologic complication; most common in ovarian and colon cancer.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 046 Malignant Wounds, 2nd ed

Few things can worsen a patient’s quality of life greater than an oozing, odorous, painful, and bleeding malignant skin wound.

Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 047 What Do I Tell The Children, 2nd ed

A common question asked by dying adults or their family members is What do I tell the children?

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 048 Coding and Billing for Physician Services in Palliative Care, 2nd ed

Issues of coding and reimbursement are no different for palliative care than for any other medical specialty. That is, physicians code for each patient encounter in two parts: 1) a procedure/service code, and 2) a diagnosis code.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 049 Gabapentin for Neuropathic Pain, 2nd ed

Gabapentin (Neurontin) is widely used for neuropathic pain.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Non-Opioids

# 050 Disaster: Coping with Tragedy, 2nd ed

While specific to a certain time and place, these reflections on living, working, and caring for patients in the immediate aftermath of horrific events are timeless.

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 051 Choosing an Oral Opioid Combination Product, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will review information for rationally choosing among the various products.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 052 Quality of Life

But what does ’quality of life’ (QOL) mean, and how should clinicians use this information in decision making?

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 053 Sublingual Morphine, 2nd ed

The advantage of using SL morphine over intermittent IV boluses is a longer duration of action.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 054 Opioid Infusions in the Imminently Dying Patient, 2nd ed

The following is a step by step approach to rational opioid infusion prescribing in the dying patient, and is most appropriate for morphine or hydromorphone infusions

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 055 Decision Making Capacity, 2nd ed

In contrast, decision making capacity (‘decisionality’) refers to a physician’s determination, based on clinical examination, that a patient is able to make medical decisions for him- or herself.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 056 What to do When a Patient Refuses Treatment, 2nd ed

A core aspect of American bioethics is that a competent adult patient has a right to refuse treatment, even when the physician believes that the treatment would be beneficial.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 057 Neuroexcitatory Effects of Opioids: Patient Assessment, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will discuss risk factors and patient assessment of the neuroexcitatory opioid side effects, particularly myoclonus

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Evaluation
  • Pain - Opioids

# 058 Neuroexcitatory Effects of Opioids: Treatment, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact discusses treatment.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 059 Dealing with Anger, 2nd ed

A guide to managing these situations is presented below.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 060 Pharmacologic Management of Delirium; Update on Newer Agents, 2nd ed

Delirium is a common psychiatric disorder in the terminally ill

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 061 Use of Psycho-Stimulants in Palliative Care, 2nd ed

More than 95% of patients experience fatigue near the end of life

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 062 Preventing Neurologic Deficits: Early Diagnosis of Epidural Metastases, 2nd ed

Epidural metastases are very common in patients with advanced cancer.

Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 063 The Legal Liability of Under-Treatment of Pain, 2nd ed

It is well recognized that physician’s fear of regulatory scrutiny (DEA, state medical boards), is a major contributor to the problem of under treatment of pain.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Pain - Evaluation

# 064 Informing Significant Others of a Patient's Death, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact reviews the components of a sensitive notification of loved ones when a patient dies.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 065 Establishing End-of-Life Goals: The Living Will Interview, 2nd ed

Doctor-patient discussions about end-of-life treatment are often framed as a choice between “medical treatment vs. treatment withdrawal.”

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 066 Radiation for Palliation - Part 1, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact describes the physiology and methods of delivering radiation therapy

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Non-Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 067 Radiation for Palliation - Part 2, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact reviews the common indications for and outcomes of palliative XRT.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Non-Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 068 Is it Pain or Addiction?, 2nd ed

A very commonly requested educational topic by physicians, concerning pain, surrounds differentiating the patient in pain vs. the patient with a substance abuse disorder.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Evaluation
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 069 Pseudoaddiction, 2nd ed

Put simply, pseudoaddiction is something that we do to patients, through our fears and mis-understanding of pain, pain treatment, and addiction.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Evaluation
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 070 PRN Range Analgesic Orders, 2nd ed

It is critical that physicians, nurses, and pharmacists share a common understanding of how to properly write, interpret, and carry out PRN range orders.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 071 Meperidine for Pain: What's all the fuss?, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact discusses the pharmacology of MP and concerns about its use as an analgesic.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 072 Opioid Infusion Titration Orders, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will discuss appropriate ways to write opioid infusion titration orders.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 073 Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosist (ALS) Management of Respiratory Failure, 2nd ed

Respiratory failure is the most common cause of death from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Disease Categories
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 074 Oral Opioid Orders - Good and Bad Examples, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will illustrate poorly written opioid orders and provide preferred alternatives.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 075 Methadone for the Treatment of Pain, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will introduce methadone’s pharmacology and clinical use as an analgesic.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 076 Telephone Notification of Death - Part 1, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact offers some guidelines when telephone notification is unavoidable.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 077 Telephone Notification of Death - Part 2, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact discusses the dilemma of whether to provide telephone information versus asking family members to first come to hospital before telling them that death has occurred.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 078 Cultural Aspects of Pain Management, 2nd ed

The meaning and expression of pain are influenced by people’s cultural background.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Pain - Evaluation

# 079 Discussing Organ Donation with Families, 2nd ed

The purpose of this Fast Fact is to review the issues surrounding organ, tissue, and cornea donation.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 080 Controlled Release Oxycondone, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact reviews CRO usage in palliative care.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 081 Management of Hiccups, 2nd ed

Hiccups (singultus) are distressing to patients and families; when chronic, they diminish quality of life.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 082 Medicare Hospice Benefit: Part 1 Eligibility and Treatment Plan, 2nd ed

In the United States, the Medicare Hospice Benefit (MHB) pays for 80% of all hospice care.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 083 Why Patients Do Not Take Their Opioids, 2nd ed

his Fast Fact discusses common reasons that patients do not take prescribed opioids, thus resulting in unnecessary pain and suffering.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Evaluation
  • Pain - Opioids

# 084 Swallow Studies, Tube Feeding and the Death Spiral, 2nd ed

The reflex by families and doctors to provide nutrition for the patient who cannot swallow is overwhelming.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Dementia
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 085 Epidural Analgesia, 2nd ed

In palliative care, epidural analgesia may be appropriate for patients with regional pain (e.g. pelvic pain from cervical cancer) and/or patients who do not tolerate or obtain relief from oral/parenteral drugs and non-drug therapies.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids
  • Pain - Opioids

# 086 Methadone: Starting Dosing Information, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will describe strategies for beginning methadone when the patient has not been taking a strong opioid.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 087 Medicare Hospice Benefit Part II: Places of Care and Funding, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will review where services are provided and the reimbursement system for hospice care.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 088 Nightmares, 2nd ed

Nightmares are vivid, frightening dreams that typically lead to full awakening with detailed recollection of the dream sequence and content.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 089 Pain Management in Nursing Homes: Analgesic Prescribing Tips, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will review simple strategies for improving pain management outcomes.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 090 Medicare Hospice Benefit Part III: Special Interventions, 2nd ed

his Fast Fact will discuss the use of interventions in hospice care that can be controversial due to high cost and/or uncertainty whether they constitute ‘palliative’ interventions.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 091 Interventional Options for Malignant Upper GI Obstruction, 2nd ed

This Fact Fact reviews interventional approaches for upper GI obstructions, especially when further radiation, chemotherapy, medical management, or curative surgical options are longer helpful.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 092 Patient Controlled Analgesia in Palliative Care, 2nd ed

PCA allows for more immediate relief of incident (breakthrough) pain and can provide patients with a greater sense of personal control over their pain.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 093 Cannabinoids in the Treatment of Symptoms in Cancer and AIDS, 2nd ed

Recent scientific studies of cannabinoids for symptom management have focused on nausea/vomiting and appetite stimulation.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 094 Writing Discharge/Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will touch on some practical considerations in writing opioid prescriptions.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 095 Opioid Withdrawal, 2nd ed

Physical dependence is a normal and predictable neurophysiological response to regular treatment with opioids for more than 1-2 weeks duration.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 096 Diarrhea in Palliative Care, 2nd ed

Patients with uncontrolled diarrhea are at increased risk for dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, skin breakdown, and fatigue.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 097 Blocks of the Sympathetic Axis for Visceral Pain, 2nd ed

In the palliative care setting, the most common indication for interrupting the sympathetic axis is to control pain arising from malignancies of the abdominal and pelvic viscera.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Non-Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 098 Intrathecal Drug Therapy for Pain, 2nd ed

Intrathecal drug delivery can be an invaluable adjunct in the management of severe pain when meticulous application of conventional drug therapy proves ineffective or produces intolerable side effects.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids

# 099 Chemotherapy: Response and Survival Data, 2nd ed

The table below synthesizes data for several common cancers.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 100 Megestrol Acetate for Cancer Anorexia/Cachexia

This Fast Fact discusses megestrol acetate, a synthetic progestin, which has been extensively studied as an appetite stimulant.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 101 Insomnia: Patient Assessment 2nd Edition

This Fast Fact focuses on the assessment of insomnia; it is the first of a series of three Fast Facts about insomnia .

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 102 Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy and Hospice

The following is a review of HAART benefits/burdens near the end-of- life.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
Disease Categories
  • Other

# 103 Oral Transmucosal Fentanyl Citrate, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact only discusses OTFC (Actiq).

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 104 Insomnia: Non-Pharmacologic Treatments, 2nd Edition

This Fast Fact addresses non-pharmacologic therapies for insomnia.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 105 Insomnia: Pharmacological Therapies 2nd Edition

This Fast Fact focuses on the pharmacological treatment of insomnia.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 106 Controlled Sedation for Refractory Suffering - Part I

This Fast Fact reviews the medical decision-making surrounding these practices.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 107 Controlled Sedation for Refractory Suffering - Part II

This Fast Fact will review sedation techniques.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 108 Music Therapy

Music therapy uses the properties of music – sounds, rhythm, and personal attachment and universality of songs – for psychosocial and spiritual support and to complement other palliative care treatments.

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 109 Death Rattle and Oral Secretions, 2nd ed

As the level of consciousness decreases in the dying process, patients lose their ability to swallow and clear oral secretions.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 110 Urine Drug Testing for Opioids and Marijuana

Urine drug testing (UDT) is widely used for testing for opioids and illicit drugs. There are two types of UDT: a screening test and a confirmatory test.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 111 Cardiac Pacemakers at End-of-Life

This Fast Fact discusses management of cardiac pacemakers at life’s end.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
Disease Categories
  • Cardiac diseases and heart failure

# 112 Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators at End-of-Life

However, near the end of life, decisions as to how best to use these devices can be the source of much anguish for patients, families and palliative care/hospice staff.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
Disease Categories
  • Cardiac diseases and heart failure

# 113 Bisphosponates for Bone Pain

Bisphosphonates are used for the treatment or prophylaxis of cancer-related bone complications, including pain.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 114 Myoclonus

This Fast Fact discusses its causes, evaluation, and therapy.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 115 Declaring Brain Death: The Neurologic Criteria

This Fast Fact reviews the details of declaring death based on neurological criteria.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
Disease Categories
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 116 Radiopharmaceuticals for Painful Osseous Metastases

This Fast Fact reviews bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals (radionuclides), which occupy a valuable niche in the palliation of painful bone metastases.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 117 Pediatric Pain Assessment Scales

Research has shown that neonates may experience as much pain as older children and long-term consequences from exposure to repeated painful stimuli.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Evaluation

# 118 Near Death Awareness

Near death awareness (NDA) is a term to describe a dying person’s experiences of the dying process.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 119 Invasive Treatment Options for Malignant Bowel Obstruction

Invasive treatment options should be considered for all patients except those who are actively dying.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 120 Physicians and Prayer Requests

The following options attempt to respect the integrity of the physician’s spiritual/religious beliefs and be supportive of the patient’s emotional needs.

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 121 Oral Mucositis: Diagnosis and Assessment

This Fast Fact discusses the diagnosis and assessment of mucositis.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 122 Palliative Care and ICU Care: Pre-Admission Assessment

This Fast Fact will discuss the pre-ICU-admission assessment of patients with advanced illnesses.

Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 123 Palliative Care and ICU Care: Daily ICU Care Plan Checklist

An ICU daily care plan checklist can be used to promote palliative care, simultaneously with curative or life-prolonging therapies.

Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 124 The Palliative Prognostic Score

This Fast Fact reviews the Palliative Prognostic Score (PaP).

Fast Facts
  • Prognosis

# 125 The Palliative Performance Scale (PPS)

This Fast Fact reviews the Palliative Performance Scale.

Fast Facts
  • Prognosis

# 126 Pain Assessment in the Cognitively Impaired

The inability of cognitively impaired patients to communicate information about pain places them at high risk for inadequate pain control.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Evaluation

# 127 Substance Use Disorders in the Palliative Care Patient, 2nd ed

The spectrum of substance use disorders (SUDs) are characterized by increasing degrees of craving, compulsive use, loss of control, and continued use despite harm.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 128 The Speech Pathologist and Swallowing Studies

This Fast Fact will review the indications and contraindications for a swallowing study and the role of the speech pathologist.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Dementia
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 129 Steroids in the Treatment of Bone Pain

This Fast Fact discusses the use of corticosteroids for painful bone metastases.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 130 Oral Mucositis: Prevention and Treatment

This Fast Fact focuses on prevention and general treatment of radiation (XRT) and chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 131 The Physician as Family Member

Caring for a dying patient who has a physician-family member provides challenges and opportunities.

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 132 Ketamine Use in Palliative Care

This Fast Fact reviews the use of ketamine in palliative care as an analgesic.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids

# 133 Non-Oral Hydration in Palliative Care

This Fast Fact discusses medical decision-making about non-oral hydration in palliative care settings.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 134 Non-Oral Hydration Techniques in Palliative Care

This Fast Fact reviews the technical aspects of providing non-oral hydration.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 135 Neoplastic Meningitis

Neoplastic meningitis (NM) – also known as leptomeningeal metastases, meningeal carcinomatosis, or leukemic meningitis, is a common oncologic complication representing spread of tumor cells to the subarachnoid space (SAS).

Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 136 Medical Futility

This Fast Fact will discuss the current understanding of the term futility.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 137 Carcinoid Syndrome: Symptom Management

This Fast Fact will focus on managing the symptoms of CS.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 138 Grief in Children and Developmental Concepts of Death

This Fast Fact reviews key developmental concepts and describes strategies for addressing children’s grief.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 139 Hospice Referral: Moving from Hospital to Home

This Fast Fact reviews key steps in the transition from the acute care hospital setting to home hospice care.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 140 Medicare Hospice Benefit: Levels of Hospice Care

Because more than 95% of hospice care is in the form of routine home care, clinicians may not be aware that the MHB specifies four different levels of hospice services to meet the diverse needs of dying patients and their family.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 141 Prognosis in End-Stage COPD

This Fast Fact will review prognostication in patients with advanced COP

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Chronic pulmonary diseases

# 142 Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia

This Fast Fact reviews the clinical findings and treatment options

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 143 Prognostication in Heart Failure

This Fast Fact reviews prognostication data in Heart Failure (HF).

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Cardiac diseases and heart failure

# 144 Palliative Care Issues in Heart Failure

This Fast Fact reviews domains of medical management common to most end-stage HF patients.

Disease Categories
  • Cardiac diseases and heart failure

# 145 Panic Disorder at the End-of-Life

Separating “normal” death-related anxiety from pathological panic is an important palliative care skill.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 146 Screening for Depression in Palliative Care

This Fast Fact reviews that literature on depression screening tools.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 147 Oropharyngeal Candidasis

Oropharyngeal candidiasis (thrush) occurs commonly in seriously ill and dying patients.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 148 The Lidocaine Patch

This Fast Fact reviews its mechanism of action, research data, and dosage information.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids

# 149 Teaching the Family What To Expect When the Patient Is Dying

Family members look to the physician and nurse to help them know what to expect when a loved one is dying.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 150 Prognostication in Dementia

This Fast Fact reviews issues of prognostication in dementia.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Dementia

# 151 Hypercalcemia of Malignancy

Up to 30 percent of patients with cancer develop hypercalcemia.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 152 The Military History as a Vehicle for Exploring End-of-Life Care with Veterans

Knowing the components of a military history can be a useful tool in bridging the silence that often surrounds the war experience and can act as a catalyst for discussions about end of life preferences.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 153 Health Literacy in Palliative Medicine

This Fast Fact reviews assessment and management strategies for poor health literacy.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 154 Use of Interpreters in Palliative Care

This Fast Fact reviews key issues when using interpreters in the palliative care setting.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum

# 155 Completing a Death Certificate

This Fast Fact reviews key steps in the completion of a death certificate.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 156 Evaluating Requests for Hastened Death

This Fast Fact provides guidance on how to evaluate and initially respond to a patient who raises the topic of a hastened death.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 157 Malignant Pleural Effusions Interventional Management

This Fast Fact reviews key facts regarding effusion management.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 158 Respiratory Secretion Management

This Fast Fact reviews treatment options for managing distressing secretions.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 159 Responding to a Request for Hastening Death

This Fast Fact focuses on possible ways of responding to patients who continue to want a hastened death despite every effort to find appropriate palliative care alternatives.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 160 Screening ICU Delirium

Delirium can be hypoactive or hyperactive. Patients with hypoactive delirium are calm, but inattentive and manifest decreased mobility. Patients with hyperactive delirium are agitated and combative, and also lack the ability to maintain attention to complete tasks.

Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 161 Opioid Use in Renal Failure

This Fast Fact reviews recommendations for opioid use in the setting of renal failure and in patients receiving chronic dialysis.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Renal diseases and dialysis

# 162 Advance Care Planning in Chronic Illness

This Fast Fact reviews key concepts of the Advance Care Planning (ACP) process.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 163 Decision Making in Chronic Kidney Disease

This Fast Fact reviews key concepts of the ACP process for CKD patients.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians
Disease Categories
  • Renal diseases and dialysis

# 164 Informed Consent in Palliative Care - Part I

This Fast Fact reviews the legal basis for informed consent.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 165 Informed Consent in Palliative Care - Part II

This Fast Fact discusses common myths about informed consent that arise in palliative care.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 166 Once Daily Oral Morphine Formulations

To prevent confusion due to similar generic names, this Fast Fact will use trade-names for Kadian and Avinza, and “ER-morphine” to describe extended-release formulations which are usually dosed q12 hours.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 167 Health Professional Burnout - Part I

This Fast Fact will describe burnout and its risk factors, and review essential research regarding health professionals and burnout.

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 168 Health Professional Burnout - Part II

This Fast Fact will explore symptoms of burnout and its personal and professional consequences.

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 169 Health Professional Burnout - Part III

This Fast Fact will address strategies to avoid burnout while sustaining personal and professional health, integrity, and growth.

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 170 Health Professional Burnout - Part IV

This Fast Fact will briefly describe assessment tools used in health professional research.

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 171 Methadone for Neuropathic Pain

This Fast Fact examines the research base regarding methadone and neuropathic pain and reviews the rise in methadone-related deaths.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 172 Professional Patient Boundries in Palliative Care

This Fast Fact reviews issues in health professional-patient boundaries in palliative care.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 173 Cancer Related Fatigue

This Fast Fact reviews diagnostic and treatment approaches in the palliative care setting.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 174 Dementia Medications in Palliative Care

This Fast Fact will suggest guidelines for continued use or discontinuation in the hospice/palliative care setting.

Disease Categories
  • Dementia

# 175 Opioid Allergic Reactions

This Fast Fact will review signs, symptoms, and management options of opioid allergies and pseudo-allergies.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Opioids

# 176 Evaluation of Malignant Ascites

This Fast Fact reviews the causes and diagnosis of malignant ascites.

Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 177 Palliative Treatment of Malignant Ascites

This Fast Fact will review treatment approaches and the important role of determining the Serum Ascites-Albumin Gradient as a diagnostic and treatment aid.

Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 178 The National Polst Paradigm Initiative, 2nd Edition

This Fast Fact will review key elements of the POLST project.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 179 CPR Survival in the Hospital Setting

This Fast Fact will review data on CPR outcomes in hospitalized patients.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 180 Parenteral Lidocaine for Neuropathic Pain

This Fast Fact reviews the use of parenteral lidocaine for neuropathic pain.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids

# 181 Oral Oxymorphone

This Fast Fact will review oral oxymorphone and its place in pain management.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 182 Xerstomia, 2nd ed

This Fast Fact will review the causes and treatments of xerostomia.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 183 Conflict Resolution I: Careful Communication

This Fast Fact provides an alternative approach to conflict resolution based on understanding a patient’s or family’s story, attending to their emotions, and establishing shared goals.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum

# 184 Conflict Resolution II: Principled Negotiation

Principled negotiation is an approach to resolving conflict that avoids power struggles and unwanted compromises.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum

# 185 Topical Opioids for Pain

This Fast Fact reviews the mechanism of action, research data, and dosing information on topically applied opioids.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 186 Anxiety in Palliative Care - Causes and Diagnosis

This Fast Fact will discuss the causes and evaluation of anxiety.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 187 Non-Tricyclic Antidepressants for Neuropathic Pain

This Fast Fact reviews the use of non-tricyclic antidepressants for neuropathic pain.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Pain - Non-Opioids

# 188 Hepatic Encephalopathy in ESLD

Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric syndrome with a fluctuating course associated with end stage liver disease (ESLD).

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 189 Prognosis in Decompensated Chronic Liver Failure

This Fast Fact reviews prognosis in chronic liver failure, focusing on two validated prognostic indices.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 190 Parenteral Nutrition in Advanced Cancer Patients

This Fast Fact reviews the role of PN in advanced cancer patients.

Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 191 Prognostication in Patients Receiving Dialysis

This Fast Fact reviews the current data regarding prognostication in patients receiving chronic hemo- and peritoneal dialysis.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Renal diseases and dialysis

# 192 Palliative Care for Adults with Developmental Disabilities

This Fast Fact will review special issues in the care of developmentally disabled people with life-limiting diseases.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 193 Decision Making for Adults with Developmental Disabilities Near the End-of-Life

This Fast Fact will address medical decision making for adults with developmental disabilities (DD) who are facing terminal or life-limiting diseases such as cancer, end-stage organ failure, or progressive debility.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 194 Disclosing Medical Error

This Fast Fact will address how to disclose error with a patient/family.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 195 Responding to a Colleague's Error

This Fast Fact will discuss responding to a colleague’s error.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 196 Bisphosphonates and Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a potentially devastating complication associated with bisphosphonate therapy.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 197 Chemotherapy Associated Peripheral Neuropathy

This Fast Fact will review the clinical features and treatment of CAPN.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 198 Regulatory Issues for Prescribing Schedule II Opioids at the End-of-Life

This Fast Fact will review US federal regulations regarding prescribing Schedule II drugs.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Pain - Opioids

# 199 Opioids for Cough

This Fast Fact will focus on the use of opioids for the symptomatic treatment of cough.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 200 Non-Opioid Anti-Tussives

This Fast Fact will address peripherally-acting agents.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 201 Palliative Care for Patients with Huntington's Disease

This Fast Fact will focus on supportive and terminal care for patients with HD and their families.

Disease Categories
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 202 Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty for Vertebral Compression Fractures, 2nd Edition

Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) occur in up to 20% of patients above the age of 50, mostly due to osteoporosis.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 203 Managing One's Emotions as a Clinician

This Fast Fact focuses on clinicians’ emotional responses to patient care.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Core Curriculum
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 204 African Americans and End-of Life Care

This Fast Fact outlines research findings on differences in end-of-life care and values between African Americans and the population as a whole.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 205 Destination Ventricular Assist Devices for Heart Failure

In 2002, the FDA approved the LVAD not only as “bridge therapy”, but also as an alternative to transplantation, or “destination therapy.”

Disease Categories
  • Cardiac diseases and heart failure

# 206 Genetic Screening and DNA Banking at the End-of-Life

Once patients die, however, their DNA is no longer readily available for this future testing. On the other hand, decisions about genetic testing are complex and can have profound emotional, familial, and financial impacts on those affected and should not be pursued hastily.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 207 Withdrawl of Dialysis: Decision Making

This Fast Fact reviews key issues pertaining to the decision to stop chronic dialysis; Fast Fact #208 will discuss the care of patients after it is stopped.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
Disease Categories
  • Renal diseases and dialysis

# 208 Clinical Care Following Withdrawal of Dialysis

This Fast Fact addresses care of the patient around the time of dialysis discontinuation.

Disease Categories
  • Renal diseases and dialysis

# 209 Malignant Pericardial Effusions

Malignant pericardial effusions (MPEs) are a rare complication of advanced cancer, but are associated with high morbidity and mortality. This Fast Fact discusses the diagnosis and management of MPEs.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Cardiac diseases and heart failure

# 210 Suicidal Attempts in the Terminally Ill

This Fast Fact discusses evaluating and responding to suicidality in patients with life-limiting diseases.

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 211 Guided Imagery for Anxiety

Anxiety occurs in hospitalized patients for many reasons including fear of specific procedures, worry about the future, and lack of control. This Fast Fact will discuss guided imagery as an anxiety reduction technique.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 212 Phantom Limb Pain

Phantom limb pain (PLP) can be a painful and debilitating consequence of limb amputation from any cause including trauma, cancer, and vascular diseases. This Fast Fact will review the evaluation and management of PLP.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Evaluation
Disease Categories
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 213 Prognosis in HIV and AIDS

This Fast Fact discusses prognostication in patients who are suffering life-threatening complications related to HIV infection using data where cART was available.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Other

# 214 Prognosis in HIV Associated Malignancies

This Fast Fact presents survival data for malignancies commonly arising in the setting of HIV / AIDS.

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Other

# 215 Opioid Poorly Responsive Cancer Pain

Relief of cancer pain from opioids is rarely all or nothing; most patients experience some degree of analgesia alongside opioid toxicities. While opioid poorly-responsive pain is not a discreet syndrome, it is a commonly encountered clinical scenario. This Fast Fact reviews key points in its assessment and management.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Evaluation
  • Pain - Opioids

# 216 Asking about Cultural Beliefs in Palliative Care

Patients’ cultural backgrounds profoundly influence their preferences and needs regarding discussing bad news, decision-making, and the dying experience. This Fast Fact offers a framework for taking a ‘cultural history’ to better understand a patient’s and family’s needs.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 217 Restless Leg Syndrome

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a neurologic disorder characterized by unpleasant sensations in the legs causing an uncontrollable urge to move when at rest in an effort to relieve those feelings. RLS disrupts sleep, can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness, depression, and a decreased quality of life. This Fast Fact will review its evaluation and management.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 218 Managing Wound Odor

This Fast Fact will discuss a practical approach to ameliorating wound odors.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 219 Responding to Requests for Non-Disclosure of Medical Information

This Fast Fact will introduce readers to a practical approach to responding to families who request non-disclosure to the patient.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 220 Hypodermoclysis

This Fast Fact discusses subcutaneous fluid infusions, also known as hypodermoclysis (HDC).

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 221 Treatment of Pain in Patients Taking Buprenorphine for Opioid Addiction

Buprenorphine, a mixed opioid agonist/antagonist, available in the United States, is approved for treatment of opioid addiction in the US; such use is restricted to qualified physicians who have received training and a waiver to practice medication-assisted opioid addiction therapy.

# 222 Preparing for the Family Meeting

A cornerstone procedure in Palliative Medicine is leadership of family meetings to establish goals of care, typically completed at a time of patient change in status, where the value of current treatments needs to be re-evaluated. As with any procedure, preparation is essential to ensure the best outcome. This Fast Fact reviews how to prepare for a Family Meeting.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 223 The Family Meeting: Starting the Conversation

This Fast Fact reviews the early steps of the actual meeting.

# 224 Responding to Emotion in Family Meetings

This Fast Fact provides a detailed approach to emotions that arise during family meetings.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 225 The Family Meeting: Causes of Conflict

This Fast Fact explores understanding the causes of conflict and how to plan an effective strategy to move beyond the conflict to meet the needs of the patient and surrogates.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 226 Helping Surrogates Make Decisions

This Fast Fact reviews an approach to help surrogates through the decision process when patients cannot participate in decision-making themselves.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 227 The Family Meeting: End of Life Goal Setting and Future Planning

This Fast Fact discusses an approach to goal setting when the expected length of life is short.

Fast Facts
  • Communication

# 228 Tapentadol

Tapentadol is a novel analgesic, with a 50 mg dose similar in efficacy to 10 mg of oxycodone.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 229 Seizure Management in the Dying Patient

The actual incidence of seizures in dying patients is unknown, and while likely uncommon, they can cause tremendous distress to patients and families. This Fast Fact reviews management strategies for seizures near the end of life.

# 230 Using Non-Invasive Ventilation at the End of Life

Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV, often called 'BiPAP') is commonly used in patients with respiratory failure from COPD, CHF, and other disorders. This Fast Fact discusses medical decision making around the use of NPPV at the end of life.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Chronic pulmonary diseases

# 231 Practical Aspects of Using NPPV at the End of Life

This Fast Fact discusses practical aspects of how using Non-Invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NPPV) can be used to palliate dyspnea in dying patients.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Chronic pulmonary diseases

# 232 Family Presence During Resuscitation

Allowing family presence during resuscitation (FPDR) has been proposed as a way to better support the emotional needs of family members and facilitate improved decision-making. This Fast Fact discusses the potential benefits and pitfalls of FPDR

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 233 Implementation of a Family Presence During Resuscitation Protocol

The key components of a successful Family Presence During Resuscitation Protocol policy

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 234 Prognosis of Anoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy

Patients who intially survive cardiopulmonary resuscitation but remain comatose, demonstrating obvious impairments in neurologic function.

Fast Facts
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • ICU
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 235 Prognostic Models in Critically Ill Adults

Common ICU prognostic models and their role in guiding patient care and communication

# 236 Pharmacologic Treatment of Acute Venous Thromboembolism in Patients with Advanced Cancer

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication of malignancy which carries a poor prognosis. This Fast Fact discusses the approach to VTE in patients with advanced cancer.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 237 Evaluation of Spinal Cord Compression

The clinical features and diagnosis of Spinal Cord Compression in adults

Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 238 Management of Spinal Cord Compression

Metastatic spinal cord compression (SCC) is a medical emergency; early treatment is associated with less functional disability.

Disease Categories
  • Cancer
  • Other neurologic disorders

# 239 Prognostication in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults

Discusses prognostication in severe Traumatic Brain Injury in adults

Fast Facts
  • Core Curriculum
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 240 Levorphanol

Levorphano is similar to methadone with longer duration; an agonist at the mu, kappa, and delta opioids receptors, an NMDA antagonist, and a monoamine reuptake inhibitor of norepinephrine and serotonin; relatively high cost; suited for neuropathic pain.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids

# 241 Improving Communication When Hearing Loss is Present

Hearing loss can lead to misunderstandings, which in the health care setting can literally have life-or-death implications.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 242 Organ Donation after Cardiac Death

Fast Facts
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
Disease Categories
  • ICU

# 243 Palliative Care for Patients with Down Syndrome

Fast Facts
  • Pediatrics
Disease Categories
  • Other

# 244 Screening for Opioid Misuse and Abuse

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 246 Emergency Department Management of Hospice Patients

Patients enrolled in hospice programs will occasionally be transported to the Emergency Department (ED). Emergency medicine training focuses on life-prolonging measures and may fail to address hospice as a system of care. This Fast Fact provides information for clinicians practicing in EDs on management issues when a hospice patient arrives.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

# 247 Initiating a Hospice Referral from the Emergency Department

Patients with an end-stage illness often present to the Emergency Department (ED) with a crisis event (1). This Fast Fact provides information for ED providers on how to refer a patient to hospice care directly from the ED (2). Fast Fact #246 suggests strategies for caring for patients receiving hospice care who present to the ED.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems

# 248 Counseling Patients on Side Effects and Driving When Starting Opioids

Opioids have side effects which can limit their acceptability to patients.This Fast Fact gives expert opinion recommendations about patient counseling when initiating opioid therapy.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Ethics, Law, Policy, Health Systems
  • Pain - Opioids

# 249 Topical Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in the treatment of musculoskeletal pain. This Fast Fact reviews the pharmacology, clinical efficacy and adverse effects of topical NSAIDs for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Non-Opioids

# 250 Tracheostomy Care

Many patients with advanced illness have tracheostomies, which require careful observation and specialized management. A working knowledge of the basic tracheostomy equipment and handling procedures can avoid complications and improve a patient’s comfort.

Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 251 Carotid Blowout Management

Carotid blowout is the rupture of the extracranial carotid arteries or their major branches. It is an uncommon but devastating complication of head and neck cancer. This Fast Fact will discuss the approach to patients with carotid blowout, including patients near the end of life whose care goals are focused on safety and comfort.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 252 Borderline Personality Disorder in Palliative Care

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is identified by a pervasive pattern of instability of relationships, self-image, and mood, as well as marked impulsivity. This Fast Fact provides strategies for successful interactions with patients and patients’ caregivers with BPD.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 253 Palliative Care Consultation in the ICU

The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is the setting for high-intensity health care designed to resolve life-threatening illnesses and extend life. However, risks of mortality and severe morbidity remain high and virtually all ICU patients have palliative care needs. This Fast Fact reviews the role of palliative care consultations in the ICU along with options for more generalist palliative care services provided by ICU clinicians

# 254 Complicated Grief 2nd ed

About 10-20% of bereaved individuals experience a persistent, debilitating phenomenon referred to as complicated grief (CG). Complicated grief has also been referred to as prolonged, traumatic or pathological grief.

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians
Disease Categories
  • Psychiatric disorders

# 255 Topical Capsaicin for Neuropathic Pain

Capsaicin 0.075% cream demonstrated statistically significant benefit in post-herpetic neuralgia, post-surgical neuropathies, and diabetic neuropathy, compared to placebo.

# 256 Fever Near the End of Life

Hyperthermia is an uncontrolled elevation in body temperature without a change in the thermoregulatory center. This Fast Fact reviews the key elements in assessment and treatment of fever in patients near the end-of-life.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 257 Use of Rectal Meds for Palliative Care Patients

This Fast Fact introduces the use of rectal medications for patients in palliative care settings. The rectal route is an efficient and practical alternative in administering a broad array of palliative care medications to patients with a compromised oral route.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
  • Pain - Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Other

# 258 Diabetes Management at the End-of-Life

Treatment goals for patients near the end-of-life are to avoid symptomatic hypo- and hyperglycemia and minimize the burdens of diabetes treatment, but not to prevent those long-term complications.

Fast Facts
  • Communication
  • Geriatrics
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Other
  • Renal diseases and dialysis

# 259 Modafinil

Modafinil is a non-amphetamine psychostimulant approved for the treatment of excessive daytime somnolence associated with obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and shift work sleep disorder. This Fast Fact reviews use of modafinil for symptom management in the seriously ill.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes

# 260 Opioid Use in Liver Failure

This Fast Fact discusses the use of opioids in patients with liver failure.

Fast Facts
  • Pain - Opioids
Disease Categories
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases

# 261 Hot Flashes in Palliative Care – Part 1

Hot flashes are a common symptom which can negatively impact quality of life. Failure to assess and offer treatment for hot flashes is common. This Fast Fact is the first in a three part series reviewing hot flash assessment and treatment.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 262 Hot Flashes in Palliative Care – Part 2

This Fast Fact will cover procedural and pharmacological treatment of hot flashes. Complementary and alternative therapies will be reviewed in Fast Fact #263.

Fast Facts
  • Non-Pain Symptoms and Syndromes
Disease Categories
  • Cancer

# 263 Hot Flashes in Palliative Care – Part 3

Assessment and drug treatments of hot flashes (‘flushes’) were discussed in Fast Facts # 261-2; this Fast Fact reviews non-drug and complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) therapies.

# 264 Prostacyclin Withdrawal in Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is a disease of the pulmonary vascular system characterized by elevated pulmonary vascular resistance. Patients with advanced PAH are often treated with prostacyclins. This Fast Fact reviews suggested guidelines for withdrawal of prostacyclin therapy in dying patients with PAH.

Disease Categories
  • Cardiac diseases and heart failure
  • Chronic pulmonary diseases

# 273 Depression Heart Transplant

Fast Facts
  • Prognosis
Disease Categories
  • Cardiac diseases and heart failure

# 274 FICA

Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians
Disease Categories
  • Other

# 275 LGBT

Disease Categories
  • ALL
Fast Facts
  • Psychosocial and Spiritual Experience: Patients, Families, and Clinicians

Search Fast Facts
by K
eyword
Use the 'Search' box in the top right of this page

Check a box to limit results

Keyword

Fast Facts

Disease Categories